Interestingly, being one of the leading causes of death in the world, many times the symptoms of a heart attack are not recognized and, therefore, the person is not treated on time. Knowing how to identify the symptoms to see a doctor as soon as possible will be vital for survival and subsequent sequelae.
On the other hand, myocardial infarction is one of the main causes of death preventable due to its close relationship with lifestyles. Thus, we will review some risk factors related to cardiovascular disease.
Symptoms of a heart attack
Myocardial infarction, heart attack or heart attack, occurs when arteries that supply this organ become blocked or blocked. This obstruction causes a lack of blood supply and prevents oxygen from reaching myocardial cells.
How quickly it is treated depends on the partial or total death of the myocardium, which will condition the subsequent consequences on the health of the person. Hence, one of the keys to surviving a heart attack and its consequences is as slight as possible is to learn to recognize the symptoms of a heart attack.
1. Chest pain
The main symptom is pain in the chest. Patients describe this pain, as oppression, as if there was a great weight on their thorax. However, sometimes this pain is not so intense, and other times, it is not given the importance it has, attributing it to various causes, stress, anxiety, etc.
In addition, chest pain is the most common symptom in men. While in women, acute pain in the upper body, neck, back or jaw is more frequent. This is one of the reasons that sometimes myocardial infarction is not diagnosed in the female sex, as quickly as in the male.
On the other hand, we are used to thinking of pain in the chest or left arm, as a synonym for heart attack. In contrast, pain in the back or neck can also be used to recognize the symptoms of a heart attack.
2. Intense lack of air
Occasionally, chest pain is also accompanied by intense shortness of breath. Similarly, sudden (and unexplained) fatigue is another of the symptoms of heart attack most associated with women. However, it is possible to ignore it, as it may be mild and remain for a few days.
Nausea and vomiting are other symptoms of a heart attack. However, they occur more often in women, than in men. Remember that if there are nausea and vomiting, in addition to other symptoms, it is very likely that the person is in need of immediate medical attention. It may be from a heart attack or some other cause
As we saw the symptoms of a heart attack, they vary according to sex and also according to each person. Usually, they are almost never present at the same time.
In many cases, while a heart attack begins, the person who is suffering feels dizzy, stunned and asks to sit down. In many cases, symptoms appear and disappear after a few minutes. This is another reason why they are ignored as a sign that a heart attack is occurring.
Risk factors of a heart attack
Discarding severe chest pain, the rest of the symptoms are not so easy to associate with myocardial infarction:
- Dizziness and nausea
- Jaw pain
- Difficulty breathing.
- Discomfort or pain in the arms.
- Neck or back pain.
For this reason, it is also important to consider whether the person has any of the risk factors that predispose to a heart attack. Among these risk factors are atherosclerosis or other coronary diseases, obesity, and smoking. In addition, we must take into account, if the person is going through a period of a high level of stress.
Another key factor to consider is age. The risk of having a heart attack is triggered after 40 years in men, and 50 years in the case of women. For all this, the prevention of cardiovascular diseases is based on reducing avoidable risk factors by performing frequent physical activity, a balanced diet low in fat and salt, as well as eliminating bad habits such as smoking.
In case you have been diagnosed with any heart disease or condition that includes a risk of heart attack, try to follow your doctor’s instructions and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Of course, knowing how to recognize the symptoms of a heart attack will also be useful.