Energy can improve human development by achieving the three pillars of sustainable development: social equity, economic growth, and environmental protection.
But the growing world population has put immense stress on the planet’s energy resources.
The energy demand is only increasing at an alarming rate. We rely on energy to power so many elements of our lives, be it human and social development, health, or welfare.
The rising need for fossil fuel-based energy sources such as coal, oil, and gas has also become problematic and contributed to tensions in the local political climate and environmental damage.
These problems will only serve to create unsustainable situations, which will eventually result in an irreversible threat to human societies. But renewable energy sources just might save the day.
The Growing Interest In Renewable Energy
Coal is widely used for electricity production, but due to its high level of pollution, we can conclude that it is not a sustainable source for electricity.
Renewable energy, on the other hand, is a carbon-free or carbon-neutral energy source. It can help mitigate climate change and be sustainable enough to meet the energy demands of future generations.
Electricity providers like Infinite Energy offer natural gas and clean electricity, which will help the environment in the long run.
The growing interest in renewable energy has been generated by increasing concerns over pollution, imminent resource depletion, and climate change implications.
We commonly identify four sources of renewable energy when we talk about sustainable electricity resources: solar, wind, hydro, and biomass.
An energy source can be termed as sustainable if it fulfills the following three demands.
- The energy should be replenished naturally.
- Technology will only improve energy efficiency.
- It is available for the long term.
Renewable resources can always be generated through sustainable means. However, if we use these sources faster than their rate of renewal, its continued use might become unsustainable.
Renewable Energy And Sustainability
Renewable energy resources bring about sustainable energy with lower emissions. There is already hope that renewable energy technologies might significantly cover the electricity demand and reduce emissions.
Its increased use can be a part of the package of policies and measures by countries to meet their emission commitments set out in the Kyoto Protocol.
Increased renewable energy supply can help governments achieve policy goals relating to energy security and diversity.
One way of promoting renewable energy is by creating awareness among citizens to increase solar, wind, biomass, waste, and hydropower energies.
The notion of energy security is based on the idea there are enough energy sources in the environment, which is crucial for the running of an economy.
The interdependence between economic growth and energy consumption gives access to a stable supply of energy for developed and developing countries.
Renewable energy sources are evenly distributed worldwide, and there is less political interference in its supply.
With renewable energy, there will be a reduction in an economy’s vulnerability to price volatility and represent opportunities to enhance energy security across the globe.
The introduction of renewable energy can also have an impact on increasing the reliability of energy services.
Good management and system design, along with a diverse portfolio of energy sources, can enhance energy security.
Social And Economic Development
The energy sector can play a huge role in economic development. This claim is backed by a strong correlation between economic growth and the expansion of energy consumption.
Globally, it has been observed that per capita incomes are positively correlated with per capita energy use.
Resultantly, economic growth can be an essential factor behind increased rates of energy consumption in the last few decades.
Renewable energy, in turn, creates employment; the global estimate of workers in the renewable energy sector stands at 2.3 million.
Consequently, increased employment will improve all the aspects we revere as important in our society: health, education, gender equality, and environmental safety.
Access to energy resources needs to be understood in a local context, and in most countries, there is a difference between electrification in the urban and rural areas.
As a result of this great divide, providing access to electricity must be done with the intention of empowering those living in rural and underprivileged areas of the world.
The goal of providing clean, affordable, and accessible energy can be achieved with renewable energy.
Since these sources are generally distributed globally, setting up renewable energy-based mini-grid systems in rural areas can offer equal power supply to all.
Climate Change Mitigation
Greenhouse gas emissions are killing our planet slowly by trapping heat and raising its temperature. And fossil fuel sources of energy are dealing most of the blows.
Renewable energy sources, however, lower greenhouse gas emissions, thereby mitigating climate change and reducing its subsequent environmental complications.
Renewable energy and energy efficiency offer a safe, reliable, and affordable way to achieve massive decarbonization and keep the global temperatures well below 2 degrees Celsius.
Grid planning practices and facilitating wind turbines and solar panels across power plants and homes can kickstart our transition to higher amounts of renewable energy.
The emerging technologies in the renewable energy space are being developed with the imminent climate change in mind.
Energy is central to our concerns about sustainable development and poverty reduction.
Energy sources affect all aspects of our livelihoods, including social and economic development such as water, agriculture, population, health, education, employment, and gender-related issues.
Conventional approaches to energy must be oriented towards promoting energy systems based on renewable energy, energy efficiency, and cleaner fossil fuel technologies.
Green energy plans offered by energy providers like Reliant Energy will help mitigate climate change because these green plans feature mostly solar energy.
Some renewable energy sources are not yet used on a large scale even though they have a huge untapped potential.
The continued growth of renewable energy can be promoted by declining renewable energy costs, improvements in renewable energy technology, and the governments’ interest in creating awareness of renewable energy.
Renewables have already reduced greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector, and many countries’ governments can see an increased use of renewable energy as both feasible and desirable.